Tackling Food Fraud With AuditComplyAimee Lyttle April 27, 2023
Food sector scandals often make headlines in the media, connecting a brand to incidents such as mislabeled food products or outbreaks of salmonella or listeria, among others. Such headlines about failures in the food system can significantly damage a company’s reputation and erode consumer trust in the industry. AuditComply is currently collaborating with BlackInk, bringing Sources to Courses to help improve consumer trust.
Maintaining consumers’ trust in your brand is crucial as they are more aware than ever about the quality and authenticity of products. The need for transparency has resulted in countries and governments worldwide implementing legislation to ensure the safety and security of consumables, and to hold businesses accountable when necessary. However, as the food network expands, managing traceability becomes increasingly complex. Thankfully, technological advancements have brought unprecedented solutions, which we will delve into in this article.
Food Fraud Takes Many Forms
Food fraud is the deliberate and intentional act of deceiving consumers or customers by misrepresenting food, food ingredients, or food packaging for financial gain. It is a type of food crime that involves the use of deceptive practices to cheat customers or the food industry. Food fraud can happen at any point in the supply chain, from the farm to the table, and it can involve any type of food or beverage product. The impact of food fraud can be significant, ranging from financial losses for businesses to public health risks for consumers.
Authorities such as The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the US, The Food Standards Agency in the UK, and The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) work tirelessly towards ensuring that all food produced and sold is safe and authentic. These efforts include the implementation of stricter audits and certification, more government regulations, and harsher sanctions. However, the real challenge still lies with the lack of supply chain visibility. Most food organizations operate on a one-up, one-down basis when it comes to traceability, which does not cover the whole spectrum of suppliers working to produce one particular food item. Therefore, when an incident of food fraud occurs, identifying and confirming the supply chain link at fault proves difficult, meaning the sanctions in place don’t instill the sense of conformity they were designed to.
Food fraud can have a significant impact on both business and consumers. Here are some of the most common effects of food fraud:
Financial losses: Food fraud can result in significant financial losses for businesses. When food products are adulterated, misrepresented, or mislabeled, consumers may lose trust in the brand, which can lead to a decline in sales and profits.
Public health risks: Some forms of food fraud, such as the addition of harmful substances or the misrepresentation of expiration dates, can pose serious health risks to consumers. These risks can range from minor illnesses to severe medical conditions or even death.
Legal consequences: Food fraud is illegal in many countries, and companies that engage in these practices may face legal consequences, including fines, lawsuits, and criminal charges.
Damage to reputation: When a company is implicated in food fraud, its reputation can suffer. Consumers may view the company as dishonest and untrustworthy, which can be difficult to overcome.
Economic impact: Food fraud can also have a broader economic impact. When consumers lose confidence in the food industry, it can lead to a decline in overall demand for food products, which can have a ripple effect throughout the economy. Food fraud is estimated to cost the global food economy over $10 billion a year, affecting around 10% of all commercially sold food products, according to the Grocery Manufacturers Association.
The Hidden Dangers
2013 Horse Meat Scandal:
In 2013, a scandal emerged in the UK and Ireland when beef products were found to contain undeclared horse meat and pork meat. While not a direct health issue, the use of harmful ingredients such as veterinary drugs could have potentially entered the supply chain. The scandal later spread to 13 other European countries, leading to the withdrawal of millions of products across Europe and costing businesses millions of pounds. Testing revealed that a significant percentage of beef burger products contained horse and pig DNA, leading to a loss of consumer confidence in major UK brands.
2008 Chinese Milk Scandal:
In 2008, Sanlu Group’s powdered milk and infant formula was found to be adulterated with melamine, an industrial compound used to increase the nitrogen content of diluted milk and give the appearance of higher protein content. This led to the hospitalization of 54,000 infants in China, with 6 deaths and 300,000 affected. The scandal damaged China’s reputation with food exports and caused a surge in foreign dairy products in China’s markets. Today, most Chinese parents still refuse to give their children locally produced milk, and the majority of China’s dairy produce comes from foreign imports from the USA and EU.
2009 Peanut Butter Salmonella Outbreak:
Randy Constant fraudulently sold millions of dollars’ worth of non-organic grain as organic between 2010-2017, misleading customers and falsely marketing it as organic. He sold over 11,500,000 bushels of grain, with over 90% falsely marketed as organic. The grain was primarily used for animal feed, and the livestock was then sold as organic meat or products. Constant’s actions caused thousands of customers to purchase what they thought was organic meat for a premium price. He was sentenced to 10 years in federal prison but committed suicide before reporting to prison. Three farmers who supplied him with non-organic grain were also sentenced to federal prison.
2019 Fake Organic Grain:
In 2009, peanut butter produced by the Peanut Corporation of America (PCA) caused a nationwide salmonella outbreak that led to 9 deaths and over 700 illnesses. The FDA traced the contamination to the PCA facility in Georgia, which triggered the most expensive food recall in US history up to that point. The former CEO, Stewart Parnell, was convicted of 76 federal counts of knowingly shipping out tainted peanut products, resulting in the first federal suit in food safety and food fraud of a company executive. The PCA went out of business as a result of the scandal.
Combating Food Fraud With AuditComply
Food Fraud has been around for as long as commerce itself, but recent years have seen a rise in the frequency and severity of cases. Naturally, globalization and the growing complexity of the agri-food industry have made the problem that much more intricate. So much so that businesses and governing bodies can no longer rely on traditional measures alone to identify and extract tampered food products, and take action against the party at fault.
Overall, transparency is the key to achieving honesty and integrity in the supply chain. Traceability plays a critical role here, protecting public health, ensuring food safety, and building consumer trust. However, to effectively track the movement of your food products from its origin to the consumer (through all stages of production, processing, distribution and delivery) you will need a Food Safety, Compliance, & Quality Management platform. Platforms like AuditComply can assist in a number ways:
Traceability: By providing end-to-end traceability across the supply chain, the platform can help identify the origin of ingredients, track their journey, and monitor any changes or modifications in the process. This can help prevent fraudulent activities such as the mislabeling of ingredients or substitution of lower-quality ingredients.
Data analytics: Auditcomply with advanced data analytics capabilities can identify patterns, anomalies, and potential risks in the supply chain. This can help detect any suspicious activities or deviations from normal behavior, which could indicate potential fraud or adulteration.
Supplier management: AuditComply can help manage and monitor supplier compliance and performance, ensuring that all suppliers meet the required standards and regulations. This can help prevent the use of unauthorized or non-compliant ingredients and reduce the risk of fraud.
Quality control: AuditComply can help automate quality control processes, such as product testing and inspection, and alert users to any non-conformances or deviations. This can help ensure that products meet the required standards and specifications, reducing the risk of fraud.
Compliance management: AuditComply can help ensure compliance with regulatory requirements, such as labeling and packaging regulations, and provide real-time updates on any changes or updates to these requirements. This can help prevent fraudulent activities such as mislabeling or misrepresentation of products
AuditComply can greatly improve visibility and traceability in the supply chain. By providing a centralized repository of information, companies can easily track and monitor their suppliers, raw materials, and products throughout the entire supply chain. This allows for real-time monitoring of production and distribution processes, automating reporting and documentation, and ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.
A platform designed by FSQA & Production Managers to meet the challenges of modern food organizations, from manufacturing to food processing and distribution. Whether it’s the ongoing labor shortage, requiring you to do more with less, the increasing risk of contamination in the supply chain, or the spiraling complexity of operations, AuditComply delivers a company-wide focus on safety, quality and compliance. Driving reassurance across the industry that your team is delivering the freshest, highest quality, sustainable food products.
By improving visibility and traceability, companies can boost product quality and increase consumer trust, as they are able to ensure the safety and quality of their products. With AuditComply, companies can effectively manage their supply chains, reducing the risk of fraud and contamination, and ultimately enhancing their reputation in the industry.
If you’d like to learn more about how AuditComply can protect your food organization and customers from falling victim to food fraud, request a demo today.